Presently there are 21 High Courts in India. Consists of Chief Justice & other such judges as appointed by the President.
The Constitution, unlike in the case of the Supreme Court, does not fix any maximum number of judges for a High Court. A judge of a High Court can be transferred to another High Court without his consent by the President.
In this, the Chief Justice of India is also consulted. The opinion provided by him shall have primacy and is binding on the President.
Appointment of Judges
The appointment of Chief Justice is made after consultation with the Chief Justice of Supreme Court & the Governor of the State by the President.
In case of appointment of a Judge, the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned is also consulted in addition to Chief Justice of Supreme Court & Governor of the State concerned.
On Oct 6, 1993, the Constitution bench of Supreme Court held that the opinion of Chief Justice (of the concerned High Court & the Supreme Court) will be given priority in both the appointment as well as transfer of senior judges.
Jurisdiction and Seats of High Courts
|Name||Estd. In the Year||Territorial Jurisdiction||Seat|
|Allahabad||1866||Uttar Pradesh||Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)|
|Andhra Pradesh||1954||Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad|
|Mumbai||1862||Maharashtra, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, Daman and Diu||Mumbai (Bench at Nagpur, Panaji and Aurangabad)|
|Kolkata||1862||West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar||Kolkata (Circuit Bench at Port Blair)|
|Guwahati||1948||Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh||Guwahati (Bench at Kohima and Circuit Benches at Imphal, Agartala & Shillong)|
|Himachal Pradesh||1971||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla|
|Jammu & Kashmir||1957||J & K||Srinagar and Jammu|
|Kerala||1956||Kerala and Lakshadweep||Ernakulam|
|Madhya Pradesh||1956||Madhya Pradesh||Jabalpur (Benches at Gwalior and Indore)|
|Chennai||1862||Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry||Chennai|
|Punjab & Haryana||1966||Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|Rajasthan||1950||Rajasthan||Jodhpur (Bench at Jaipur)|
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