Current General Knowledge: September 2011

PAK-FA: Prospective Airborne Complex of Frontline Aviation.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards
Eleven scientists have been selected for the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, 2011. First given in 1958, the country’s highest award in science is named after the founder director of CSIR, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar. It is given to a scientist up to 45 years of age and carries a prize of Rs 5 lakh.

The winners include Amit Prakash Sharma of International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi and Rajan Sankaranarayanan of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad for the biological sciences category. In the chemical sciences category, Balasubramanian Sundaram of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Banglore and Garikapati N have won the award.

The award for earth, atmosphere, ocean and planetary sciences category went to Shankar Doraiswamy of National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. In the engineering sciences category, Sirshendu De of IIT, Kharagpur and Upadrasta Ramamurty of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Banglore, were given the award. Mahan Maharaj of Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Howrah and Palash Sarkar of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata were picked for the award in mathematical sciences category.

In the medical sciences category, Kithiganahalli N Balaji of IISc, Banglore, was nominated while the award for physical sciences category went to Shiraz Minwalla of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai.

Jnanpith Award, 2009 & 2010
Eminent Hindi authors Srilal Shukla and Amar Kant have been chosen for Jnanpith award 2009. Renowned Kannada litterateur Chandrasekhar Kambar has won it for the year 2010.

For most readers in Hindi, Srilal Shukla’s name is synonymous with Raag Darbari, the novel that made reading Hindi books fashionable. The novel was translated into English by Gillian Wright, to introduce English readers to the hard-hitting satire of the Hindi hinterland.

A former IPS officer later inducted into IAS, Srilal Shukla (born 1925) authored about 25 books, important among which are Makaan, Sooni Ghaati Ka Sooraj, Pehla Padaav, Ahyatvas and Bisrampur Ka Sant. He also wrote a detective novel titled Aadmi Ka Zahar, which was serialised in the weekly magazine Hindustan. He has already been conferred with the Sahitya Akademi Award, Vyas Samman and Padma Shree (2008).

Amar Kant, who shares his year of birth with Shukla, is the author of Inhin Hashiyon Se, that earned him Sahitya Akademi Award (2007). At one time, fighting penury, Kant was willing to sell his Akademi Award. His short stories like Hatyare, Dopahar Ka Bhojan and Diptee Collector were part of syllabi in several Indian universities. Kant also authored Sukha Patta, Kale Ujale, Beech Ki Deewar and Desh Ke Log.

Kambar, who has won the Jnanpith for the year 2010, is a novelist and playwright. His noted works include Takararinavaru, Saavirada Neralu, Chakori (poetry collection) and Harakeya Kuri (plays). He is also a recipient of Sangeet Natak Akademi and Sahitya Akademi awards.

Stealth fighter PAK-FA
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited expects an indigenous fight-generation stealth fighter aircraft to be inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF) in about six years. The aircraft, called PAK-FA, is being developed with Russia.

Russian aircraft manufacturer Sukhoi has unveiled PAK-FA, also dubbed as the T-50, which will be the base variant for developing a version that specifically caters to Indian requirements.

PAK-FA is a Russian acronym for Prospective Airborne Complex of Frontline Aviation and its designers have claimed that it is comparable to the F-22 Raptor, US Air Force’s latest fighter.

A joint venture company on the lines of cruise missile manufacturer BrahMos will be set up for the purpose. HAL’s contribution will include fuselage composites, flight software, including the mission computer, navigation systems, avionics and cockpit displays and counter-measure dispensing systems.

Unlike the Russian version, the Indian aircraft will be a two-seater aircraft, which will involve limited re-designing of the fuselage, wings and control surfaces that will be undertaken by HAL. The project had kicked off in 2007.

Amphibious vessels to strengthen Indian navy
The Union government has cleared the Rs 2,176-crore acquisition of eight specialised vessels or LCUs (landing craft utility), capable of “hard beaching” on enemy shores, to boost the countryís amphibious warfare and island protection capabilities. The LCUs will help in swiftly transporting thousands of troops, heavy weapon systems and infantry combat vehicles over long distances to take the battle right to the enemy mainland.

The vessels will be built by the Kolkata-based Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd.

The LCUs are likely to be based at India’s first and only regional “theatre command”, the strategically-located Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC). With additional airstrips, OTR (operational turn around) bases and jetties, ANC is slowly being transformed into a major amphibious warfare hub. A strong military presence in the 572-island archipelago is considered imperative to counter China’s strategic moves in the Indian Ocean, as well as ensure security of the sea lanes converging towards Malacca Strait.

BARC develops spent fuel automation system
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has designed and developed the first of its kind advanced automation system for transferring spent fuel bundles of pressurised heavy water reactors for nuclear reprocessing plants. Introduction of this automation system for reprocessing plant is aimed at transferring the fuel bundles directly from fuel handling area (FHA) of storage pool to the dissolver cell in an automated way, without the necessity of using charging cask. This contributes in eliminating dependency on skilled manpower and thus reduction of man-rem (radiation dose) consumption by workers.

The system design is such that it can easily be adopted to handle fuel from 220 MW PHWR as well as from 550 MW/700 MW with minimum changes. Provision has also been kept for manual changing of spent fuel in case of non-availability of automation system.

The spent fuel bundles from nuclear power reactors are stored under water at reactor site. After allowing it to cool down for a given period, the bundles from the reactor site are transferred to underwater storage facility at the nuclear fuel reprocessing plant site.

Pataudi, Mansur Ali Khan
Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi, India’s youngest-ever Test captain, also known in the cricketing fraternity as “Tiger” Pataudi, died on September 22, 2011.

Born on January 5, 1941 in Bhopal, the right-handed batsman made his debut for India at the age of 21 in a drawn match against England here in 1961. In a career spanning almost two decades, he played a total of 46 Test matches.

In 1964, Pataudi was bestowed the Arjuna Award before being honoured with a Padma Shri in 1967. A star not just on field but off it too, Pataudi married the then reigning queen of Indian cinema Sharmila Tagore in 1969 and the glamorous couple had three children – Saif Ali Khan, Soha Ali Khan and Saba Ali Khan.

NTPC to set up first overseas power plant in Sri Lanka
State-run power producer NTPC will set up a 500-Mw coal-based power plant in Sri Lanka by 2016, which will mark its foray into the overseas market. The unit will come up at Sampur in Trincomalee at an estimated cost of Rs 3,150 crore.

A joint venture agreement to this effect was signed between NTPC and the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB). The Sri Lankan government will give land for the project on a long-term lease. Coal for the project will be imported and supplied by Lanka Coal Company (LCC) and the power generated will be supplied to the CEB.

Scientists find way to “disarm” AIDS virus
Scientists have found a way to prevent HIV from damaging the immune system and say their discovery may offer a new approach to developing a vaccine against AIDS.

Researchers from the United States and Europe, working in laboratories on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), found it is unable to damage the immune system if cholesterol is removed from the membrane of the virus.

HIV takes its membrane from the cell that it infects, the researchers explained in their study. This membrane contains cholesterol, which helps keep it fluid and enables it to interact with particular types of cell.

Normally, a subset of immune cells, called plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), recognise HIV quickly and react by producing signalling molecules called interferons. These signals activate various processes which are initially helpful, but which damage the immune system if switched on for too long.

Scientists have now found that if cholesterol is removed from HIV’s envelope, it can no longer activate pDCs. As a result, T cells, which orchestrate the adaptive response, can fight the virus more effectively.

The team now plans to investigate how to use this way of inactivating the virus and possibly develop it into a vaccine.

Usually when a person becomes infected with HIV, the body’s innate immune response puts up an immediate defence. But some researchers believe HIV causes the innate immune system to overreact. This weakens the immune system’s next line of defence, known as the adaptive immune response.

AIDS kills around 1.8 million people a year worldwide. An estimated 2.6 million people caught HIV in 2009, and 33.3 million people are living with the virus.

Neutrinos make light of Einstein’s theory of relativity
Albert Einstein’s 1905 theory of relativity is one of the most fundamental pillars of physics — but now scientists say his conclusion that nothing can travel faster than light could be proved wrong.

Scientists at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, or CERN, the world’s largest physics laboratory say they have recorded sub-atomic particles, known as neutrinos, travelling faster than the speed of light.

CERN says as part of its “OPERA” experiment, a neutrino beam fired from a particle accelerator near Geneva to a lab 730 km away in Italy travelled 60 nanoseconds faster than the speed of light. It revealed that neutrinos travel at a velocity of 20 parts per million above the speed of light.

Scientists calculated the margin of error at just 10 nanoseconds, making the difference statistically significant.

If the findings are correct, it would force a major rethink of the fundamental laws of nature, including how the universe works.

Einstein’s theory states that energy is equal to mass multiplied by the speed of light squared, so firing an object faster than that would require an infinite amount of energy.

World’s Smallest Electric Motor
Chemists at Tufts University’s School of Arts and Sciences have developed the world’s first single molecule electric motor, a development that may create a new class of devices applicable to sectors like medicine to engineering.

In a report published in Nature Nanotechnology, the Tufts team reported an electric motor only one nanometer across — groundbreaking work, considering the current world record is a 200-nanometer motor. A single strand of human hair is about 60,000 nanometers wide.

E Charles H Sykes, associate professor of chemistry at Tufts and senior author of the paper, says, “There has been significant progress in the construction of molecular motors powered by light, and by chemical reactions. But this is the first time electrically-driven molecular motors have been demonstrated, despite a few theoretical proposals — we have been able to show one can provide electricity to a single molecule and get it to do something that is not just random.”

Sykes and his colleagues were able to control a molecular motor with electricity by using a state-of-the-art, low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope (LT-STM), one of about only 100 in the United States. The LT-STM uses electrons instead of light to ‘see’ molecules. The team used the metal tip on the microscope to provide an electrical charge to a butyl methyl sulfide molecule placed on a conductive copper surface. This sulfur-containing molecule had carbon and hydrogen atoms radiating to form what looked like two arms, with four carbons on one side and one on the other. These carbon chains were free to rotate around the sulfur-copper bond.

While there are foreseeable practical applications of this electric motor, breakthroughs would need to be made in the temperatures at which electric molecular motors operate. The motor spins much faster at higher temperatures, making it difficult to measure and control the rotation of the motor.

Looking inside the moon
More than 100 spacecraft have been to the moon, including six with U.S. astronauts, but one key piece of information about Earth’s natural satellite is still missing –nwhat’s inside.

Learning about the interior of the moon is the primary goal of a new NASA mission called Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory, or GRAIL, which was launched on September 8, 2011.

Overall, the moon has about one-sixth the gravity of Earth, but it is not evenly distributed. On the moon, a mountain actually might be a molehill, gravitationally speaking.

Likewise, gravity maps of lunar flat lands show unexplained pockets of extra heft, an indication of subterranean deposits or structures. Learning the interior structure of the moon is considered critical to piecing together the story about what happened to the moon since its formation some 4.5 billion years ago.

Scientists believe the moon’s building blocks were large chunks of debris jettisoned from Earth after a collision with an object as big as Mars. In addition to un-ravelling the moon’s history, GRAIL scientists expect to extrapolate their findings to other rocky bodies, both in our solar system and eventually to those beyond.

The two spacecraft will take a long, slow journey to the moon, arriving on December 31 and January 1. After a few months to manoeuvre into the proper orbit, the pair will spend 82 days flying over the lunar poles, linked by radio waves.

When one spacecraft flies over a region of higher gravity, it will speed up, momentarily changing the distance between itself and its sibling probe. Less dense regions likewise will affect the satellites’ positions. Using the radio waves as a ruler, changes as tiny as a micron — the width of a red blood cell — can be detected.

With gravity maps in hand, scientists can then use computer models and data from other lunar missions to determine whether the moon’s core is solid, liquid or a combination of the two, and what elements it contains.

Asterix creator retires after 52 years
Albert Uderzo, co-creator of one of France’s greatest comic book heroes, Asterix the Gaul, has decided to  hang up his pen at the age of 84. The Italian-born artist, who dreamt up the indomitable warrior with his scriptwriter friend Rene Goscinny in 1959, said he was “a bit tired” after 52 years of drawing and that it was time to hand over his creation to younger talent.

The announcement came on the day publishing house Hachette celebrated the sale of 350 million Asterix books around the world, making the diminutive hero one of France’s biggest-selling exports.

Asterix and his jovial sidekick Obelix first appeared in print in October 1959, and their adventures fighting the Roman invaders have since been translated into over 100 languages.


1.Which Indian won four gold medals in Commonwealth Games 2010 ?

– Shooter Gagan Narang

2.who is Man of the Series between India – Australia cricket Series recently held in India ?

– Sachin Tendulkar (403) runs in 2 test match.
3. Former Argentine football star and the last surviving player from the first World Cup in 1930, died recently at the age of 100?
Francisco Varallo.
4. Name of the new book written by famous Physicist Stephen Hawking in which he says that God did not create the universe, because gravity means it would have happened on its own?
The Grand Design.
5. French scientists recently revealed the secret behind the “best free kick” ever in international football which resulted in a stunning goal against France in 1997. The free kick was taken by a Brazilian Player. Who is he?

Roberto Carlos.

Carlos’ free kick from 115ft in the Tournai de France, which seemingly headed for the corner flag but suddenly curved like a banana to land in the net, has been written off by many as only an incredible lucky chance. Even the French goalkeeper Fabien Barthez made no move thinking it would go safely clear. The physicists computed the trajectory and decided it was all down to a phenomenon known as the ‘spinning ball spiral’.

6. The University of Alberta based in Edmonton, Canada will honor an Indian agriculture scientist with an honorary doctorate to recognize his contribution to food security in the world. Name of that Indian Scientist?
M. S. Swaminathan.
7. Who is the first sportsperson who was conferred an Indian Air Force (IAF) Honorary Group Captain?

Sachin Tendulkar.

He is also the first individual to receive the Indian Air Force (IAF) Honorary Group Captain from a non-aviation background. He was taken into the Indian Air Force as the brand ambassador of Indian Air Force by the IAF Air Chief Marshal PV Naik.

8. The 18-year-old fast bowler from Pakistan who is removed from the list of nominees for the ICC’s emerging player of the year 2010 award due to spot-fixing allegations against him?
Mohammad Amir.
Another Pakistan bowler Mohammad Asif is also removed from the list of nominees for the ICC’s test player of the year due to spot-fixing allegations against him.
9. Which country approved fresh economic sanctions against Iran on September 3, 2010 after the United Nations asked Tokyo to tighten restrictions against Tehran over its controversial nuclear enrichment program?
10. Name of the 2-year-old Indonesian boy who smoked up to 40 cigarettes a day, recently quit his habit after a month-long rehabilitation?
Ardi Rizal

The child’s parents allowed the boy to smoke because he throws tantrums and hits his head against the wall when they refuse to give him a cigarette. After a month of rehabilitation, Ardi Rizal is now free from his addicting habit. Kak Seto, the psychologist, used childhood play therapy to bring the boy back to health.

11. Name of the 15 year boy who has been offered a place at Britain’s prestigious Cambridge University?

Arran Fernandez.

He was educated at home by his father, Neil. He was offered an undergraduate place at Cambridge’s Fitzwilliam College after passing the university’s entrance exam. He would be the youngest Cambridge undergraduate since William Pitt the Younger, who became prime minister, attended at the same age in 1773.

12. Name of the three Pakistan Cricket players who have been suspended by International Cricket Council (ICC) due to Lord’s spot-fixing outrage, under the provisions of the Anti-Corruption Code?
Salman Butt, Mohammad Amir and Mohammad Asif.
13. Name of the apex body constituted by Indian Government for the welfare of tribals in the country?
National Council for Tribal Welfare (NCTW).

NCTW headed by Prime Minister, would have 18 members, including the Ministers of Tribal Affairs; Finance; Agriculture; Home Affairs; Health & Family Welfare; Environment & Forests; Human Resource Development (HRD); Rural Development; Woman and Child Development; Culture; Mines; Coal and Power; the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission; Chief Ministers of Schedule V and Schedule VI States; two experts to be nominated by the Prime Minister for a period of two years and Secretary, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, as Member Secretary.

14. Who is appointed as India’s 14th Central Vigilance Commissioner?
He is the former secretary of telecom.
15. Eggs and shoes were hurled at Tony Blair (former British Prime Minister) by anti-war activists, in Dublin (Ireland) where he was signing copies of his new book. What is the name of that book?
”A Journey”
His autobiography ”A Journey” details his accounts of life in the Downing Street, including the Iraq war and the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
16. The Basque separatist group which has declared a permanent ceasefire in Spain recently?
Eta is blamed for killing more than 800 people in its four-decade fight for independence for the Basque region of northern Spain and south-west France.
17. Name of the cruise missile which was successfully test-fired recently as part of trials by the Indian Army from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur off Orissa coast?

The missile can fly at 2.8 times the speed of sound carrying conventional warheads up to 300 kg for a range of 290 km and can effectively engage ground targets from an altitude as low as 10 metres. Developed in a joint venture with Russia, the sophisticated BrahMos cruise missile is capable of being launched from submarines, ships, aircraft and land based Mobile Autonomous Launchers (MAL).

18. Indian athlete who smashed Shiny Wilson’s 15-year-old national record en route to fifth place in the 800 metres at the Continental Cup athletics meet in Split, Croatia?
Tintu Luka.
19. Pakistan batsman Yasir Hameed, who played with the Pakistan team in the Test series against England, allegedly told a British tabloid newspaper that some of his teammates were cheats. Name of that news paper which came out with the sting operation on Pakistan cricketers?
“News of the World”
20. Indian nuclear scientist and a chemical engineer, who remained the head of Atomic Energy Commission of India during India’s first nuclear test in Pokhran in 1974 died recently at the age of 86?
Homi N. Sethna

Sethna was the director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) during 1966-72, when the plan for the construction of India’s largest research reactor, Dhruva was conceived.

21. Name of the planned robotic spacecraft by NASA to probe the outer corona of the sun which will approach to within 8.5 solar radii (5.9 million kilometers) to the surface of the sun?
Solar Probe Plus.

With a proposed launch date of 2018, Solar Probe Plus will carry a variety of scientific instruments to measure the solar wind and the Sun’s magnetic field. The space craft will also sport a new carbon-composite heat shield capable of withstanding over 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. The new shield will protect the probe from both heat and radiation as it makes the closest-ever approach to our Sun.

22. Which country has decided to extend the life spans of the country’s 17 nuclear plants by an average of 12 years while alternative energy sources are developed?
23. About 26 persons were killed in the twin-illicit toddy tragedy (Hooch Tragedy) in a district in Kerala on September 2010. Which is that district?
24. All India trade unions called for general strike on September 7, 2010 against the “anti-people policies of the Indian Government.” On the same day itself, a public sector nationwide general strike took place in a European country to protest the government’s efforts to reform the pension system. Which is that country?
25. Who has been officially declared as the shortest living man by Guinness World Records?

Edward Nino Hernandez (Columbia)
This 24-year old man is only 68.6 cm tall and weighs 10 kg.
26. South Indian actor who died at Chennai on 8th September 2010 due to massive heart attack?

Murali, son of Kannada film director G.Siddalingiah, started his acting career in Kannada films. His first Tamil film was “Poovilangu.” directed by Amirjan. After the success of the film he did “Pagal Nilavu” which was the first Tamil film of director Mani Rathnam. Some of his hit films are “Puthu Vasantham”, “Porkalam”, “Vetri Kodi Kattu”, “Poomani”, “En Asai Machan”, “Anandam” and “Samuthiram.” He got an award from the State government for his acting in director Bharathiraja’s “Kadal Pookkal”.

27. Who is named as the Chairman of Hotel Leela Venture Ltd, an Indian hotel company based in Mumbai?
Vivek Nair.

Dinesh Nair is likely to take over as vice chairman.
The hotel company which has six deluxe hotels, located in Mumbai, Bangalore, Kovalam, Udaipur, Goa and Gurgaon was founded by C. P. Krishnan Nair. Vivek Nair is the eldest son of Captain Nair,

28. Man of the Match winners of 20-20 Cricket series between Pakistan and England held in England.

Man of the match of First 20-20 Cricket International played on 5th September 2010:
Michael Yardy (England). He scored 35 runs (26 balls) and took 1 wicket.
Result: England beat Pakistan by 5 wickets.
Man of the match of Second 20-20 Cricket International played on 7th September 2010:
Tim Bresnan. (England) He took 3 wickets for 10 runs.
Result: England beat Pakistan by 6 wickets.
England won the series 2-0.

29. Which country’s parliament has recently approved constitutional reforms which will enable its President to seek a third term and will give him sweeping powers over formerly independent institutions?
Sri Lanka.
30. The state of U.S.A which has banned foreign outsourcing to countries like India in a wave of protectionism in the economic crisis?
Ohio State.
31. One of the most successful woman weightlifters in India who has tested positive a second time in the doping test during the trials for the Delhi Commonwealth Games?
Sanamacha Chanu

Chanu, who won three gold at the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester gets life ban after testing positive during the trials for the Delhi Commonwealth Games. Chanu had earlier tested positive, for a diuretic, at the Athens Olympics in 2004.

32. Legendary veteran film producer from Andhra Pradesh who has been conferred the Dada Saheb Phalke Award for 2009?
Dr. D. Rama Naidu.
The award consists of a Swarna Kamal, a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakhs and a shawl.
33. Malayalam film actor, screenwriter and director who has acted in around 50 films and directed a dozen of Malayalam movies, passed away recently due to kidney-related diseases?

Venu Nagavally.

Venu’s first movie as a director was Sukhamo Devi (1986). Later he directed the super hit movies Lal Salam, Aey Auto, Aayirappara etc. Venu has also written scripts for a few movies including the Priyadarshan directed blockbuster movie Kilukkam. His first movie as a script writer was “Ee Ganam Marakkumo”.

34. Bharatiya Janata Party leader who was sworn in as Chief Minister of Jharkhand for the third time at the Raj Bhavan on 11-09-2010?
Arjun Munda.
Hemant Soren and Sudesh Mahto were sworn in as Deputy Chief Ministers.
35. Who won the US Open men’s doubles title-2010 beating India’s Rohan Bopanna and Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi of Pakistan in final(7-6 (7-5) 7-6 (7-4) ?
Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan
36. Man of the Match winners of ODI cricket Series (5 matches) between England and Pakistan held in England.

Man of the match of First ODI Cricket played on Sep 10, 2010:
Steve Davies (England). He scored 87 runs (67 balls)
Result: England beat Pakistan by 24 runs
Man of the match of Second ODI Cricket played at Leeds on Sep 12, 2010:
Andrew Strauss (England). He scored 126 runs (134 balls)
Result: England beat Pakistan by 4 wickets.
Man of the match of Third ODI Cricket played at Kennington Oval, London on Sep 17, 2010:
Umar Gul (Pakistan). He took 6 wickets for 42 runs.
Result: Pakistan beat England by 23 runs
Man of the match of Fourth ODI Cricket played at Lord’s, London on Sep 20, 2010:
Abdul Razzaq (Pakistan). He scored 44 runs from 20 balls.
Result: Pakistan beat England by 38 runs.
Man of the match of Fifth ODI Cricket played at Southampton on Sep 22, 2010:
Eoin Morgan (England). He scored 107 runs from 101 balls.
Result: England beat Pakistan by 121 runs.
Series Result: England won the series 3-2.

37. Who won the Player of the Series Award in the ODI cricket series between Pakistan and England held in England?
Andrew Strauss
38. Who became the first Indian wrestler to win a gold medal in the World Wrestling Championship in Moscow by beating Russia’s Gogaev Alan in the final match?

Sushil Kumar.
39. On September 5, 2010, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 44-cent stamp commemorating a Roman Catholic nun who served the sick and destitute of India for nearly 50 years. Name of that nun?

Mother Teresa.

The U.S. Postal Service’s Mother Teresa stamp was released on September 5, 2010, the 13th anniversary of Mother Teresa’s death, designed by award-winning artist Thomas Blackshear II. Mother Teresa was made an honorary U.S. citizen in 1996. She founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950 and won Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

40. The celebrated French film director and a founding father of the Nouvelle Vague (New Wave) movement who died recently at the age of 80?
Claude Chabrol.
Chabrol is best known for 1960s and 70s thrillers such as ‘The Unfaithful Wife’, ‘The Butcher’ and ‘This Man Must Die’.
41. Which country won Women’s Hockey World Cup 2010 defeating Netherlands in final?

Argentina beat Netherlands by 3-1 in the final. Carla Rebecchi scored well in both halves and Noel Barrionuevo converted Argentina’s first penalty corner into goal. England won the third place, defeating Germany by 2-0. India scored ninth position in the women world cup championship.

42. Who won U.S. open 2010 Women singles title defeating Russian Tennis star Vera Zvonareva in straight sets 6-2, 6-1 in final?
Kim Clijsters.
She became the first ever woman to clinch the two consecutive title since Venus Williams.
43. Spanish Ferrari driver and two-time world champion who won the Italian Grand Prix (Formula One title)?
Fernando Alonso.
This is his third Formula One title of the season.
44. Who has been selected as the Best Indian Footballer of the Year-2010 by the Football Players Association of India?

Muhammed Rafi (Kerala).

Odafe Onyeka Okolie of Nigeria was crowned the best foreign footballer.
Jaoquim Abranches was named to the young player’s award and his coach Armando Colaco was the best coach. National team goalkeeper Subrata Paul, who plays for Pune FC, won the fans’ player award.

45. Which country won their first world championship basketball title since 1994 with a 81-64 victory over Turkey in Istanbul?
It was America’s fourth world crown and comes two years after they won the Olympic title in Beijing.
46. The second round of direct peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA) was held at?
The Red Sea resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt) on 14 September, 2010.
47. Who became the 3rd person to complete a Career Golden Slam and the 16th Person to complete the Career Grand Slam with the U.S .Open Men’s title 2010 win?
Rafael Nadal.

He won the U.S .Open Men’s title 2010 beating Novak Djokovic in final. Nadal now holds 9 Grand Slam titles winning 5 French Opens, 2 Wimbledons, 1 Australian Open and 1 US Open.
Career Golden Slam Winners: Rafael Nadal, Andre Agassi, Steffi Graf.
Key: Winning all four Grand Slam tournaments during a career is termed a Career Grand Slam, while winning all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic Gold in Tennis during a career is termed as a Career Golden Slam.

48. Who won U.S. Open women’s doubles title defeating American Liezel Huber and Nadia Petrova of Russia (2-6 6-4 7-6) in the final?
Vania King (U.S.A) and Yaroslava Shvedova (Kazakhstan).
49. Voters of which country recently approved constitutional reforms which will help its candidacy for the European Union?
50. Winners of 57th National Film Awards:

National Film Awards-2010 which is presented to the best of Indian Cinema released during the year 2009 was announced on 15th September-2010
Amitabh Bachchan won the award for Best Actor for his outstanding performance in the film “Paa”. This is his third national award. Actress Anannya Chatterjee won the best actress award for her role in the Bengali film “Abohoman”. Malayalam film “Kutty Srank” directed by Shaji. N.Karun won 6 awards.
The full list of the Winners at the 57th National Film Awards is given below.

Best Actor – Amitabh Bachchan (Paa)
Best Actress – Ananya Chatterjee (Abohoman)
Best Director – Rituparno Ghosh (Abohoman)
Best Film – Kutty Srank (Malayalam)
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment – 3 Idiots
Nargis Dutt award for Best Film with Social Message – Delhi-6
Best Children’s Film – Putaani Party (kannada) Keshu(Malayalam)
Best Screen Play: Harikrishnan, PF Mathews(Kutty Srank-Malayalam)
Best Music – Amit Trivedi (Dev D)
Best Playback Singer (Male) – Rupam Islam (Mahanagar)
Best Playback Singer (Female) – Nilanjana Sarkar (Housefull)
Best Background Score – Illayaraja(Film-Pazhassiraja)
Best Lyrics Award – Swanand Kirkere (Behti Hawa Sa -3 Idiots)
Best Supporting Actor – Farooque Sheikh (Lahore)
Best Supporting Actress – Arundhati Naag (Paa)
Best Film on Social Awareness – Well Done Abba
Best Cinematography – Anjali Shukla (Kutty Srank)
Best Choreography – K Shivashankar (Magadheera)
Best Audiography – Resul Pookutty (Pazhassi Raja (film))
Best Special Effects – Kamal Kannan (Magadheera)(Telugu)

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Current Affairs

September 2009

504. Which country won Nehru Cup International Football Tournament 2009?
India defeated Syria by 5-4 (penalty shootout) in the finals on August 31, 2009.
Goal-keeper Subroto Paul, who saved three penalties to become India’s saviour, was awarded the man of the match of the final.
India won this cup two times, 2007 & 2009.
505. Who won the Man of the Tournament award of Nehru Cup Football title-2009?
Bhaichung Bhutia, Indian Captain
506. Which scientist is elected as the new President of International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)?
Dr. Madhavan Nair, Chief of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
507. Who is the new Air Officer Commanding –in-Chief of Southern Air Command of India?
Air Marshal Sumit Mukerjee. He is the only pilot in the history of IAF to have commanded units with the Mig-21,Mig-23U, Mig-25, Mig-27 and Mig-29 aircraft.
508. Who is appointed as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Southern Naval Command?
Vice-Admiral K.N. Sushil
509. Who will act as a bowling consultant for the Kolkata Knight Riders during the third edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL) next year?
Vasim Akram
510. India achieved a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of how much percentage during April-June 2009?
511. The Indian-American fashion designer who charged with sexually assaulting seven girls was sentenced to 59 years of imprisonment on Aug 31?
Anand Jon Alexander
512. Who is appointed as the new Air Officer-in-Charge Personnel (AOP)of the Indian Air Force (IAF)?
Air Marshal KJ Mathews
513. Country which has been expelled from the Commonwealth after failing to announce plans to hold elections in 2010?
514. Distinguished scientist and the man in charge of the development of missile and strategic systems in the country, who is appointed as the chief of the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO)?
Dr Vijay Kumar Saraswat
515. Who is appointed as the vice chief of Indian Army?
Lt General P C Bhardwaj
516. Bollywood Actor who has been appointed by Life insurance Company Max New York Life as the brand ambassador for Max Vijay, a brand specifically targeted at providing financial inclusion to the underprivileged masses?
Amitabh Bachchan
517. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister who feared dead after his Bell 430 chopper crash-landed about 40 nautical miles east of the Kurnool mountainous area of Andra Pradesh?
Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy
518. The first Iranian female cabinet minister who is appointed since the foundation of the Islamic Republic 30 years?
Marzieh Vahid Dastjerdi
Iranian parliament approves Marzieh as new health minister despite opposition from hardline MPs and clerics.
519. Who won the Man of the Series Award in the recent 20-20 cricket series between Sri Lanka and New Zealand which is held in Sri Lanka?
Jesse Ryder(New Zealand).
New Zealand won the series by 2-0.
520. Lok Sabha Secretary General who was recently given a year’s extension by Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar?
P.D.T. Acharya
521. Who took over charge as Additional General Manager, Southern Railway?
Shri A.K. Gupta
522. Athletes who won $1 million Golden League jackpot which is given by IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) to anyone who wins all six of the premier European meets?
(All gold Yelena Isinbayeva, Kenenisa Bekele and Sanya Richards Getty Images)
Answer:Yelena Isinbayeva, Kenenisa Bekele and Sanya Richards
523. Who is the new Brand Ambassador of popular Levis Jeans?
Priyanka Chopra.
524. U.S.President Barack Obama’s adviser and an administration official specializing in environmentally friendly “green jobs” with the White House Council on Environmental Quality who resigned amid controversy over past inflammatory statements?
(Photo:Carlos) Van Jones
525. Who has topped the list of world’s 10 top earning cricketers compiled by Forbes magazine ?
Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian skipper
Raking in USD 10 million, Dhoni is at the top of the chart followed by Tendulkar at the second spot with earnings worth USD 8 million in the list of ‘The World’s Top-Earning Cricketers’ . While Yuvraj Singh and Dravid are at the third and fourth spot, respectively, Ganguly and Australian cricketer Ricky Ponting share the sixth place.
526. Former Chief Minister of Punjab and former governor of Haryana and Orissa , who died recently after a prolonged illness?
Harcharan Singh Brar
527. Recently India and US have signed a pact on ?
Atomic energy
528. Who has become the second Indian after Geet Sethi to win the World’s Billiards Championship?
Pankaj Advani
He beat defending champion Mark Russel 2030-1253 to win the World Professional Billiards Championship-2009. Geet Sethi won the title in 1992.
529. Australian Cricket player who retired from international Twenty20 cricket recently?
Ricky Ponting
530. The first African country to qualify for the 2010 World Cup Football which is to be held in South Africa?
531. Which country leads world in foreign weapons sales in the year 2008?
United States of America. America accounted for more than two-thirds of foreign weapons sales in 2008.
532. Who participated as the chief guest at the 19th Independence Day celebrations of Tajikistan which was held at Dushanbe?
Pratibha Patil, President of India
533. Reserve Bank recently decided to introduce polymer banknotes of which denomination whose life span would be 4 times the normal currency notes and would be difficult to imitate.?
Rs 10
Polymer notes were first introduced in Australia to safeguard against counterfeiting of currency
534. The Sri Lankan government has ordered a senior United Nations diplomat to leave the country after accusing him of partiality towards the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). Name of that spoke person of UNICEF?
James Elder, an Australian national.
535. Woman journalist of Sudan convicted of public indecency for wearing trousers outdoors was freed recently despite her own desire to serve a month in prison as protest against Sudan’s draconian morality laws?
Lubna Hussein
536. Name of the Buddha statue gifted by Mahatma Gandhi to one of his Irish friend, which was sold in London in the auction for Rs 5.47 lakh (6,840 pounds)?
The statue was possibly of the Bodhisattva of compassion Avalokitesvara, a seated 13-inch-high bronze Buddha statue.
Gandhiji gave this statue to his Irish friend Emma Harker when she volunteered for relief work among the poor in flooded areas of Bihar and Orissa.
537. Who was the captain of Indian team for the 23rd FIBA Asia Women Basketball Championship held in Chennai?
Geethu Anna Jose
538. Venezuela recognized the independence of two countries on September 10, 2009. Name that countries.
South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
Earlier, Russia and Nicaragua also recognized independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
539. New York Governor David Paterson recently signed into law a bill that bans use of a word in documents used by state agencies, public authorities and municipalities when referring to persons of Asian or Pacific islander heritage.
Which word?
540. Indian Musician who has been invited to perform live along with the famous Pussycat Dolls — a pop girl group and dance ensemble- on the occasion of the India’s historic participation in the America’s world famous Polo Cup?
541. Former Taiwan President who has been found guilty of corruption and sentenced to life in prison?
Chen Shui-bian
542. Indian film which is included in the “Festival of festival” section in the Cairo International film festival that will commence on the tenth of November?
Raman. The film is directed by Dr.Biju.
543. Which footballer won the annual VP Sathyan Memorial Award?
Chennai-based, Kerala Sports Persons Association (KESPA) has picked Tamil Nadu footballer Mohanraj for this award.
544. Former president of BCCI who served as the chairman of the national selection committee (including when Sachin Tendulkar was first picked in the Indian team in 1989) died at the age of 73 following a prolonged illness recently?
Raj Singh Dungarpur
545. High Court Lawyer, who has been appointed Assistant Solicitor General of India for conducting Central government cases other than the cases of income tax and the Railway Department before the High Court?
T.P.M. Ibrahim Khan
546. An island of Mexico which was clearly visible on national and international maps until the middle of the 20th century has gone missing now?
Bermeja Island. This island is strategically important as it could give Mexico a claim to millions of dollars worth of oil deposits.
547. Cuban revolutionary leader, who has died in Havana at the age of 82, had been among only three surviving rebel leaders who still bore the honorary title “Commander of the Revolution.”
Juan Almeida Bosque
548. World’s oldest person, a woman who was born in 1894 died in California at the age of 115 gained a measure of fame when she voted for Barack Obama for U.S. president?
Gertrude Baines
549. Which country will host the 6th SAF football matches scheduled for December 1-15 of this year?
Bangladesh. Eight teams of South Asian countries will take part in these matches.
550. First Indian to reach semi-finals of World Boxing Championships and fist Indian to win a medal in the same event?
Vijender Kumar
He won Bronze medal in the World Boxing Championships and becomes the first Indian to do so.
551. Which club won their maiden IFA Shield football tournament title?
Churchill Brothers, Goa
They beating local giant Mohun Bagan 2-0
552. Nat West One day cricket series between England and Australia won by ?
Australia. They won the series 6-1.
553. Who has been selected for this year’s Mathrubhumi Literary Award of Rs.2 Lakhs instituted by the Malayalam daily “Mathrubhumi”?
554. Name of the 14-year-old astrophysicist from Kozhikode, Kerala who recently participated in the NASA space camp where a model rocket designed by her was launched?
Hannan Binth Hashim.
She has prepared a research paper titled ‘Absolute Theory of Zero’ which questions the accuracy of many existing theories like Albert Einstein’s ‘Theory of relativity’ and the ‘Big Bang Theory’.
555. An American agronomist, humanitarian, and Nobel laureate who has been deemed the father of the Green Revolution died at the age of 95, on September 12, 2009?
Norman Borlaug.
He was one of only six people to have won the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. He was also a recipient of the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honor.
556. Which film won the Golden Lion for best picture at the Venice film festival?
Hard-hitting Israeli war movie “Lebanon” is directed by Samuel Maoz
Best Actor Award: Colin Firth
Best Actress Award: Ksenia Rappoport
557. Who won the Silver Lion prize for best director at the Venice film festival?
Shirin Neshat
She won this award for the film “Women without Men,” based on a banned book about Iran in the 1950s.
558. ‘Basava Sri’ award instituted by Murugha mutt won by ?
559. Noted football commentator who was found dead in his hotel a day after the final of the IFA Shield?
Noel De Lima Leitao
560. French photographer who was one of France’s giants of photography, particularly famous for his images of post-war Paris in the 1940s and 1950s died recently at the age of 99?
Willy Ronis
561. Who has been named as one of the two Anglo Indian nominees to the Lok Sabha — taking Kerala’s strength in the Lower House of the Indian Parliament to 21?
Charles Dias.
562. Which country won the tri-nation Compaq Cup (One Day Cricket Series) held in Sri Lanka?
India beat Sri Lanka in the final by 46 runs. New Zealand was the third team.
Sachin Tendulkar won Man of the Match Award for his 138 runs in final.
Man of the Series: Sachin Tendulkar
563. Who is appointed as the Managing Director of Agri co-operative National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED)?
C V Ananda Bose
564. The India Today Group has recently adjudged which state of India as the best State with regard to the law and order situation.
565. Who won US Open Men’s Double Title?
Leander Paes and Lukas Dlouhy
They won the Grand Slam title after defeating Mahesh Bhupathi and Mark Knowles in the US Open men’s doubles final. This is 10th Grant slam title for Leander Paes.
567. Who won the US Open Women’s title 2009?
Kim Clijsters
She beat 19-year-old Caroline Wozniacki of Denmark, 7-5, 6-3, in the final.
She become the first unseeded woman to win the US Open and the first mother to win a major title since 1980.
568. Who Clinch US Open Women’s Doubles Title?
Serena Williams and Venus Williams
They took over top seeds Cara Black of Zimbabwe and Liezel Huber of the United States in straight sets of 6-2, 6-2 to clinch the women’s doubles title at US Open.
569. Who won US Open men’s title?
Juan Martin del Potro
Juan Martin del Potro of Argentina battled back to beat five-times champion Roger Federer 3-6, 7-6, 4-6, 7-6, 6-2 in the final
570. A juror in the fashion designer Anand Jon rape trial who was fined $1,000 and sentenced to 120 hours of community service for trying to strike up a romance with Sanjana, the sister of Anand Jon who was sentenced to 59 years?
Alvin Dymally
571. Who has been selected by the Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) to head the operations of the organisation as the Chairman for the period of 2009-10?
Mr Subroto Chattopadhyay
572. Name of the Olympic medal-winning boxer who has been found dead by his manager?
Darren Sutherland
Sutherland has won a bronze medal for Ireland at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
573. Who will be the chairman of the Fourth Finance Commission constituted by the Government of Kerala?
574. Name of the sacred food offered to devotees at the Lord Venkateswara Temple in Andhra Pradesh which has been awarded geographical copyright that bars others from naming or marketing the sweetmeat preparation under the same name?
Tirupati laddoo
575. Name of the most expensive bike so far launched in India by the Japanese bike giant Yamaha?
Yamaha VMAX
This 1,680cc super bike VMAX, priced at Rs. 20 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi).
576. Person from Kerala who has been honored with the highest award of Bharat Scouts and Guides ‘Silver Elephant Award 2007-08’.?
Shri M. C. Ramadas
577. Who is named as Japan’s new Prime Minister ?
Yukio Hatoyama. He will be named the 93rd Prime Minister of Japan.
578. Indonesia’s most wanted Islamist militant, who was killed in a police shoot-out in Central Java of Indonesia ?
Noordin Mohammad Top.
579. Who is now officially the tallest man walking the planet by the Guinness World Records?
(REUTERS Andrew Winning)
Sultan Kosen 27, from Turkey was recognized as the tallest person(8 foot 1 inch (2.47 meter)) in the world on September 17,2009.
580. Who is the new Accountant General of Kerala State?
Maha Lekshmi Menon
581. Indian American technocrat who has been appointed by U.S.President Barack Obama to a key administration post dealing with energy research?
Arun Majumdar
582. Footballer of Argentina who signed a two-year contract extension with Barcelona until the summer of 2016?
Lionel Messi
583. The Indians who have figured in a list of 60 “most influential foreigners” who have played a profound role in shaping the way over 1.2-billion people of modern China think and live?
Jawaharlal Nehru and Rabindranath Tagore
584. Which TV series won the 2009 Emmy award for best comedy?
30 Rock.
585. Which TV series won the 2009 Emmy award for best drama?
Mad Men
586. Who is the new captain of Delhi Dare Devils Team ?
Gautham Gambhir
587. The Indian tennis star who has confirmed Indian team berth in the Davis Cup World Group after he ousted South Africa’s Rik Voest in the reverse singles match of the Davis Cup tie ?
Somdev Dewarman
Indian team has made into World Group playoff after a long period of 11 years.
588. Name of 13-year-old girl from Lucknow who addressed the United Nations Climate Change Summit in New York?
Yugratna Srivastav
589. Who are the winners of Durand Cup-2009?
Churchill Brothers. They beat Mohun Bagan in the final. Churchill Brothers had earlier won the trophy in 2007
590. Name of Indian-origin woman who was sentenced to 33 years in jail – one of the longest jail terms handed out to a woman in Britain – for murdering her two teenaged daughters in a frenzied knife attack at her home in Cambridgeshire?
Rekha Kumari-Baker
591. The 63-year-old magazine, which has covered business and politics since World War II, will shut down in December 2009, struggling with losses as readers and advertisers move to the Internet?
“Far Eastern Economic Review”
592. Name of India’s 16th remote sensing satellite successfully launched by ISRO through its space carrier Plar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in just twenty minutes?
ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C14 successfully launched the 960 kg Indian remote sensing satellite Oceansat-2 and six nano satellites for international customers into a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO). This was the fifteenth successful flight of PSLV.
593. Who has been selected for this year’s Vallathol Award which carries a purse of Rs.1,11,111 and citation?
Kavalam Narayana Panicker
594. The much anticipated small car for India which was unveiled in Delhi by Ford Motor Company?
Ford Figo
595. Who is the new director of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (UNESCO)?

Irina Bokova, Bulgarian diplomat
596. The adventurers who set a new world record after successfully landing on Mount Everest 16,800 ft above sea level?
Ramesh Chandra Tripathi, Leo Dickinson and Ralph Mitchell.
They jumped from an altitude of 20,000 ft to land at the world’s highest drop zone, near Mount Everest.
597. A prominent Indian American agricultural scientist, who has been nominated for the post of the Chief Agricultural Negotiator in the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative by the US President Barack Obama?
Islam A. Siddiqui
598. India’s maiden spacecraft, which has discovered water on the lunar surface?
599. First mixed-gender university of Saudi Arabia which opened recently?
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
600. Who is the chairman of Subordinate Legislation Committee of Indian Loksabha?
P.Karunakaran , M.P from Kerala
601. Which country won the 23rd Asian Women’s Basketball Championships held in Chennai, India?
China. They beat South Korea in the final
602. Indian who won bronze medal in the freestyle 74 kg category in the prestigious World Wrestling Championship held in Denmark?
Ramesh Kumar
India made history in wrestling after a gap of 32 years, when Ramesh Kumar won bronze medal in World Wrestling Championship.
603. Who was elected president of the Indian Newspaper Society for 2009-10, at the 70th annual general meeting of the INS?
T. Venkattram Reddy. He is the chairman of the Hyderabad-based Deccan Chronicle.
604. Who will head the Committee of Privileges which has been reconstituted by Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar?
P.C.Chacko, M.P.from Kerala
605. Britain’s Indian-origin Business Minister, who is set to step down, appointed as the UK’s representative to G-20?
Shriti Vadera
606. Who was elected as regional chairman (Kerala)of the Indian Newspaper Society for 2009-10?
607. Which political party retained power in Portuguese elections recently ?
Center-left Socialist Party.
Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Socrates is the main leader of this party.
608. German Chancellor who recorded a resounding triumph in her country’s recent general elections?
Angela Merkel
609. Indian-American Human rights activist who has won the American Courage Award for her human rights work in India and the United States?
Mallika Dutt
610. Name of the limited-series pen by Pen-makers Mont Blanc inspired by Gandhiji’s iconic Dandi March in 1930 to protest against the British salt tax ?
Mahatma Gandhi Limited Edition-241 series (MGLE-241)
This pen costs Rs 11.39 lakh.
611. Who won the women’s singles title in the Yonex Czech international badminton championship?
Trupti Murgunde