Shiv Sena

Shiv Sena was formed by Balasaheb Thackeray in 1966. The party came into existence to promote the interests of ‘sons of the soil,’ Maharashtrian youth. The party maintains its Hindutva ideology and is a right-wing political party. It has been accused of instigating many riots in the state, including the Mumbai riots of the late 1960s, the Bhiwandi riots in 1984 and the Mumbai riots of 1992-93.

Shiv Sena says that it is a nationalistic party and does not discriminate against any religion, caste and creed. They believe in nationalism and will go to any extent to eliminate the traitors and enemies of India.

After being at the helm of the party for a few decades, the day-to-day affairs of the party are now looked after by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray.

The party has joined hands with BJP and entered into a seat-sharing pact in Maharashtra with the national party to contest from 26 Lok Sabha seats and Shiv Sena from rest of 22 constituencies.

Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)

Rashtriya Janata Dal – National Peoples Party is one of the major political party in India. The party was founded in 1997 by Laloo Prasad Yadav. It has a strong presence in Bihar under the leadership of Laloo Yadav and his wife Rabri Devi. Traditionally, the mass base of the party has been Yadavs and Muslims, two large and relatively politically active segments of Bihar’s population.

RJD lost power after the elections in 2005, when a Nitish Kumar-led coalition NDA government wrested power from Rabri Devi, who had been chief minister of the state for XX years. The RJD is also a constituent of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA)led by the Congress at the Centre.

Following the performance of the RJD in the last few elections, the Election Commission has now accorded it the status of a recognized national level party in 2008. RJD recently came into the headlines for its allegedly clandestine seat-sharing deal with Ram Vilas Paswans Lok Jana Shakti Party, leaving just three seats for the Congress. According to sources, the alliance between Congress and RJD is over now. The party will combine with Lok Janata Party leaving only three seats for the Congress. Now, with the Congress declaring its intentions to contest 37 seats in Bihar, RJDs marriage with the Congress in the UPA seems to be hanging a question mark.

List of Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)candidates for Lok Sabha Election 2009
S.No State Name Constituency Name Candidate Name
1 Bihar Khagaria Rabindra Kumar Rana
2 Bihar Karakat Kanti Singh
3 Bihar Valmiki Nagar Raghunath Jha
4 Bihar Jhanjharpur Devendra Prasad Yadav
5 Bihar Ujiarpur Alok Kumar Mehta
6 Bihar Gaya Ramjee Manjhi
7 Bihar Gopalganj Anil Kumar
8 Bihar Bhagalpur Shakuni Choudhary
9 Bihar Jamui Shyam Rajak
10 Bihar Jahanabad Surendra Prasad Yadav
11 Bihar Buxar Jagdanand Singh
12 Bihar Munger Ram Badan Rai
13 Bihar Siwan Hina Shahab
14 Bihar Sasaram Lalan Paswan
15 Bihar Kishanganj Md Taslimuddin
16 Bihar Vaishali Dr Raghuvansh Prasad Singh
17 Bihar Banka Jai Prakash Narayan Yadav
18 Bihar Aurangabad Shakeel Ahmed Khan
19 Bihar Darbhanga Mohd Ali Ashraf Fatmi
20 Bihar Saran Lalu Prasad
21 Bihar Madhubani Abdul Bari Siddiqui
22 Bihar Sheohar Sitaram Singh
23 Bihar Purvi Champaran Akhilesh Prasad Singh

Samata Party

Samata Party was formed in 1994 when a faction lead by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar broke away from Janta Dal. The reason was that the party ideology had shifted to castism .

George Fernades rose to fame during 1977- 79 for his opposition to multinational companies. He was the key figure behind packing off Coca cola from India then. He campaigned against BJP calling it a communal party.

In 1996 Samata Party came into alliance with BJP and won on eight seats, six in Bihar and one each in Uttar Pradesh and Orissa. Before this it was largely based in Bihar only. In 1998 elections again in alliance with BJP it won twelve seats, ten from Bihar and two from Uttar Pradesh.

Since then the two leaders George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar were Union Ministers in the NDA government; George Fernandes the Defence Minister and Nitish Kumar the Railway Minister.

More recently with yet another split in Janta Dal, SP has been able to rope in Janta Dal Led by Sharad Yadav, Lok Shakti led by Ramakrishna Hegde and Samata Party on a single platform for the NDA.

The main agendas for the elections are
«» Oppose and end communalism
«» Eradicate corruption at all levels
«» increased security of the nation

Samajwadi Party

Samajwadi Party came into existences on 4th October 1992 . Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav was elected party’s first president . The Party Vice President is Shri Janeshwar Mishra

Mulayam Singh Yadav has been in politics since 1967. He has been the chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh – 1993-95, and Union Defence Minister 1996-1998.

Other important leaders are Amar Singh, Ram gopal Yadav and Raj Babbar

In the 13th Lok Sabha, it was the 5th largest party with 27 mambers

Samajwadi Party stands for Equality and Prosperity of all. It is deadly against communal forces. Samajwadi Party is in favour of ‘Indo Pak Bangladesh Mahasangh’. Party believes in democratic socialism and opposes uncontrolled entry Of Multinational companies to India,

Party believes that Agriculture, Small and Medium scale Industry is the backbone of Indian Economy and hence every assistance should be given to these sectors.

The Main Agendas for the Elections

«» Provision for reservation in jobs, medical and technical institutions
«» Reconstitution of the Shanti Suraksha Bal
«» Remove illiteracy amongst Muslims
«» Creating more employment opportunities and removing poverty

List of Samajwadi Party candidates for Lok Sabha Election 2009
S.No State Name Constituency Name Candidate Name
1 Uttar Pradesh Etawah Mulayam Singh Yadav
2 Uttar Pradesh Gonda Kirti Vardhan Singh
3 Uttar Pradesh Firozabad Ramji Lal Suman
4 Uttar Pradesh Kheri Ravi Prakash Verma
5 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Nafisa Ali
6 Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Sikri Prem Kumari Parmar
7 Uttar Pradesh Saharanpur Rashid Masood
8 Uttar Pradesh Kairana Sadan Masood
9 Uttar Pradesh Muzaffarnagar Sangeet Som
10 Uttar Pradesh Nagina Yashvir Singh
11 Uttar Pradesh Allahabad Rewati Raman Singh
12 Uttar Pradesh Sambhal Iqbal Mehmood
13 Uttar Pradesh Amroha Mehbub Ali
14 Uttar Pradesh Meerut Shahid Manzur
15 Uttar Pradesh Baghpat Sahab Singh
16 Uttar Pradesh Hathras Anar Singh Diwakar
17 Uttar Pradesh Mainpuri Mulayam Singh
18 Uttar Pradesh Aonla Dharmendra Kashyap
19 Uttar Pradesh Pilibhit Riyaz Ahmed
20 Uttar Pradesh Sitapur Ranjana Vajpai
21 Uttar Pradesh Unnao Deepak Kumar
22 Uttar Pradesh Akbarpur Kamlesh Pathak
23 Uttar Pradesh Jalaun Ghanshyam Anuragi
24 Uttar Pradesh Hamirpur Ashok Singh Chandel
25 Uttar Pradesh Phulpur Shyamacharan Gupta
26 Uttar Pradesh Bahraich Shabbir Ahmed Valmiki
27 Uttar Pradesh Shrawasti Dr. Vakor Ahmed
28 Uttar Pradesh Basti Raj Kishore Singh
29 Uttar Pradesh Maharajganj Shyam Narayan Tiwari
30 Uttar Pradesh Chandauli Ram Kishun Yadav
31 Uttar Pradesh Bhadohi Ram Rati Bind
32 Uttar Pradesh Robertsganj Pakodi Lal Kaul
33 Uttar Pradesh Kaiserganj Brijbhusan saran singh
34 Uttar Pradesh Barabanki Ram Sagar Rawat
35 Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Ram Sagar Rawat
36 Uttar Pradesh Ballia Neeraj Shekhar
37 Uttar Pradesh Jaunpur Paras Nath Yadav
38 Uttar Pradesh Salempur Harikewal Prasad
39 Uttar Pradesh Kannauj Akhilesh Yadav
40 Uttar Pradesh Bijnor Kartar Singh Bhadana
41 Uttar Pradesh Shahjahanpur Mithilesh Kumar
42 Uttar Pradesh Hardoi Usha Verma
43 Uttar Pradesh Gorakhpur Manoj Tiwari
44 Uttar Pradesh Kaushambi Shailendra Kumar
45 Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Rakesh Sachan
46 Uttar Pradesh Etawah (SC) Prem Das Katheria
47 Uttar Pradesh Mirzapur Bal Kumar Patel
48 Uttar Pradesh Banda R K Singh Patel
49 Uttar Pradesh Deoria Mohan Singh

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

The BSP was formed in 1984 by Kanshi Ram who has remained party leader ever since. The party emerged from Kanshi Ram’s earlier activity promoting the interests of Scheduled Caste government employees. Kanshi Ram was able to promote the organisation in the states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. Although the BSP is recognised by the Election Commission as a national party it effectively functions on certain North Indian states only. It’s ideology is based on the argument that the majority are oppressed by the select upper class. It aims to change this using the government power.

Mayawati and Kanshi Ram are the two key figures of the party.

The BSP first entered the election fray in 1984 but didnot do well. It started to rise in the post alliances era. While in power in 1995, the BSP was clouded in several controversies.

It still has risen with it’s limited following based on the cast credentials.It’s single point program is the upliftment of dalits.

List of BSP candidates for Lok Sabha Election 2009
S.No State Name Constituency Name Candidate Name
1 Uttar Pradesh Sultanpur Mohammad Tahir
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh Harmohan Dhawan
3 Gujarat Kachchh Mohan Namori
4 Gujarat Amreli Usha Patel
5 Gujarat Valsad Chagan Patel
6 Gujarat Anand Mukesh Patel
7 Gujarat Ahmedabad East Bhavesh Bhatt
8 Gujarat Panchmahal Prakash Barot
9 Gujarat Banaskantha Suresh Mali
10 Gujarat Navsari Samarnath Singh
11 Gujarat Sabarkantha Vikramsingh Ramalavat
12 Gujarat Ahmedabad (west) Pravin Solanki
13 Gujarat Rajkot Dalichand Patel
14 Gujarat Porbandar Mehul Chandrawadia
15 Gujarat Dahod Ramsingh Kalara
16 Gujarat Kheda Ratansingh Chauhan
17 Gujarat Chhota Udaipur Prakash Bhil
18 Gujarat Mahesana Rudratsingh Jhala
19 Gujarat Bardoli Ranjana Gamit
20 Gujarat Patan Mehboob Kokhar
21 Haryana Ambala Chaudhary Chandrapal
22 Haryana Gurgaon Zakir Hussain
23 Haryana Hisar Ram Dayal Goyal
24 Haryana Sonipat Devraj Deewan
25 Haryana Bhiwani – Mahendragarh Thakur Vikram Singh
26 Haryana Rohtak Raj Kumar Sharma
27 Haryana Karnal Ratha Virendra Sharma
28 Haryana Sirsa Rajesh Vaid
29 Haryana Kurukshetra Guru Dayal Singh Saini
30 Haryana Faridabad Chetan Sharma
31 Himachal Pradesh Kangra S N Pathania
32 Himachal Pradesh Mandi Lala Ram Sharma
33 Himachal Pradesh Hamirpur Mela Ram Sharma
34 Karnataka Bangalore Rural Mohammed Hafizulla Sharief
35 Karnataka Bangalore Central Vijaya Bhaskar
36 Karnataka Bangalore South Naheeda Salma
37 Karnataka Chikkballapur Laxminarayan
38 Karnataka Belgaum R S Patil
39 Karnataka Bidar Jagannath Jamadar
40 Karnataka Kolar N Muniswamy
41 Karnataka Tumkur Ashok
42 Karnataka Shimoga J. Jayappa
43 Karnataka Koppal Shivaputrappa Gumageri
44 Karnataka Bellary T Nagendra
45 Karnataka Chitradurga M Jayanna
46 Karnataka Raichur Shivakumar Naik Korvi
47 Karnataka Gulbarga Mahadev B Dhani
48 Karnataka Chamarajanagar N Mahesh
49 Karnataka Hassan A.P. Ahmed
50 Karnataka Mysore Syed Nizam Ali
51 Karnataka Dakshina Kannada Girish Rai
52 Karnataka Bijapur Sudhakar Kanamadi
53 Karnataka Udupi Chikamagalur Steven J Menezes
54 Karnataka Haveri Basavanthappa Gonnemmanavar
55 Karnataka Mandya Krishnamurthy
56 Kerala Ernakulam Dr Sherrif Mohammed
57 Kerala Palakkad V Chandran
58 Kerala Thrissur Joshy Tharakan
59 Kerala Mavelikkara Dr Mohan
60 Kerala Chalakudy Muttom Abdullah
61 Kerala Wayanad Rajeev Joseph
62 Kerala Idukki Biju M John.
63 Kerala Alappuzha K S Prasad
64 Kerala Pathanamthitta K K Nair
65 Kerala Kollam Jayyanandhan
66 Kerala Attingal J Sudhakaran
67 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Dr Neelalohithadasan Nadar
68 Kerala Alathur Dr Sidevan
69 Madhya Pradesh Khargone D R Barde
70 Madhya Pradesh Shahdol Manohar Singh Marawi
71 Madhya Pradesh Khandwa Vamanrao Sasane
72 Madhya Pradesh Balaghat Ajab Lal Shastri
73 Madhya Pradesh Sagar Shailesh Kumar Verma
74 Madhya Pradesh Indore Abdul Latif Khan
75 Madhya Pradesh Dhar Ajay Rawat
76 Madhya Pradesh Damoh Vaijynath Patel
77 Madhya Pradesh Ratlam Mahendra Singh Mandloi
78 Madhya Pradesh Dewas Bhagirath Parihar
79 Madhya Pradesh Rajgarh Ramaprasad Dangi
80 NC Territory of Delhi North West Delhi Rakesh Hansh
81 NC Territory of Delhi East Delhi Hazi Yunush
82 NC Territory of Delhi North East Delhi Hazi Dilshad
83 NC Territory of Delhi South Delhi Kanwar Singh Tanwar
84 NC Territory of Delhi New Delhi Trilok Chand Sharma
85 NC Territory of Delhi Chandni Chowk Hazi Mustaqeem alias Ballo
86 NC Territory of Delhi West Delhi Deepak Bharadwaj
87 Tamil Nadu Chennai Central Yuniskhan
88 Tamil Nadu Chennai South Dr Sridharan
89 Tamil Nadu Ramanathapuram Allapichai E
90 Tamil Nadu Coimbatore Ramasubramanian
91 Tamil Nadu Salem Er Balasubramanian
92 Tamil Nadu Madurai N Darbar Raja
93 Tamil Nadu Mayiladuthurai Saptharishi
94 Tamil Nadu Karur Dharmalingam
95 Tamil Nadu Dindigul Srinivas Babu
96 Tamil Nadu Virudhunagar Kanakaraj I A S
97 Tamil Nadu Chidambaram Rajendran
98 Tamil Nadu Sivaganga M G Thevar
99 Tamil Nadu Arakkonam Prof Mary John
100 Tamil Nadu Dharmapuri Dr Purushothaman
101 Tamil Nadu Theni Ilayaraja
102 Tamil Nadu Kallakurichi Senthil Kumar
103 Tamil Nadu Arani Shankar
104 Tamil Nadu Tiruvallur Adv Anandan
105 Tamil Nadu Kanniyakumari P Sivakami I A S
106 Tamil Nadu Vellore Mansur
107 Tamil Nadu Tiruchirappalli Kalyanasundaram
108 Tamil Nadu Sriperumbudur B Rajappa
109 Uttar Pradesh Mainpuri Vinay Shakya
110 Uttar Pradesh Sambhal Dr Shafik-ur-rehma Barq
111 Uttar Pradesh Varanasi Mukhtar Ansari
112 Uttar Pradesh Mohanlaganj Jai Prakash Rawat
113 Uttar Pradesh Hathras Rajendra Kumar
114 Uttar Pradesh Unnao Arun Kumar Shukla
115 Uttar Pradesh Muzaffarnagar Kadir Rana
116 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Akhilesh Das
117 Uttar Pradesh Aonla Kunwar Sarvraj Singh
118 Uttar Pradesh Shahjahanpur Sunita Singh
119 Uttar Pradesh Mathura Pt Shyam Sundar Sharma
120 Uttar Pradesh Mirzapur Anil Kumar Maurya
121 Uttar Pradesh Raebareli RS Kushwaha
122 Uttar Pradesh Moradabad Rajiv Channa
123 Uttar Pradesh Aligarh Rajkumari Chauhan
124 Uttar Pradesh Sitapur Kaiser Jahan
125 Uttar Pradesh Etah Devendra Singh Yadav
126 Uttar Pradesh Saharanpur Jagdish Singh Rana
127 Uttar Pradesh Agra Kunwar Singh Vakil
128 Uttar Pradesh Robertsganj Ram Chandra Tyagi
129 Uttar Pradesh Gorakhpur Vinay Shankar Tiwari
130 Uttar Pradesh Salempur Ram Shankar Rajbhar
131 Uttar Pradesh Pilibhit Buddhsen Verma
132 Uttar Pradesh Ballia Sangram Singh Yadav
133 Uttar Pradesh Barabanki Kamla Prasad Rawat
134 Uttar Pradesh Azamgarh Akbar Ahmed Dumpy
135 Uttar Pradesh Banda Gorakhnath Pandey
136 Uttar Pradesh Banda Bhairon Prasad Mishra
137 Uttar Pradesh Phulpur Kapilmuni Karwaria
138 Uttar Pradesh Domariyaganj Mohammad Mukeem
139 Uttar Pradesh Farrukhabad Naresh Chandra Agarwal
140 Uttar Pradesh Etawah Gauri Shankar
141 Uttar Pradesh Chandauli Kailash Nath Singh Yadav
142 Uttar Pradesh Ghosi Dara Singh Chauhan
143 Uttar Pradesh Ghazipur Afzal Ansari
144 Uttar Pradesh Bijnor Shahid Siddiqui
145 Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Mahesh Prasad Nishad
146 Uttar Pradesh Firozabad SP Singh Baghel
147 Uttar Pradesh Hamirpur Vijay Bahadur Singh
148 Uttar Pradesh Deoria Gorakh Prasad Jaiswal
149 Uttar Pradesh Hardoi Dr Ramkumar Kureel
150 Uttar Pradesh Baghpat Mukesh Sharma
151 Uttar Pradesh Jalaun Tilak Chandr Ahirwar
152 Uttar Pradesh Jhansi Pundit Ramesh Kumar Sharma
153 Uttar Pradesh Kanpur Sukhda Mishra
154 Uttar Pradesh Kairana Tabassum Beg
155 Uttar Pradesh Machhlishahr Kamla Kant Gautam
156 Uttar Pradesh Amroha Maudud Madni
157 Uttar Pradesh Rampur Ghanshyam Singh Lodhi
158 Uttar Pradesh Kannauj Mahesh Chandra Verma
159 Uttar Pradesh Kheri Iliyas Azmi
160 Uttar Pradesh Bulandshahr Rajkumar Gautam
161 Uttar Pradesh Nagina Ram Kishan Singh
162 Uttar Pradesh Kaushambi Girish Chandra Pasi
163 Uttar Pradesh Ghaziabad Amarpal Sharma
164 Uttar Pradesh Gautam Budhha Nagar Surendra Singh Nagar
165 Uttar Pradesh Khusi Nagar Swami Prasad Maurya
166 Uttar Pradesh Shrawasti Rizwan Zaheer
167 Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Sikri Seema Upadhyay
168 Uttar Pradesh Badaun Dp Yadav
169 Uttar Pradesh Amethi Ashish Shukla
170 Uttar Pradesh Sultanpur Mohammad Tahir
171 Uttar Pradesh Pratapgarh Shivkant Ojha
172 Uttar Pradesh Allahabad Ashok Kumar Bajpai
173 Uttar Pradesh Faizabad Vimlendra Mohan Pratap Mishra
174 Uttar Pradesh Ambedkar Nagar Rakesh Pandey
175 Uttar Pradesh Kaiserganj Surendra Nath Awasthi
176 Uttar Pradesh Basti Arvind Chowdhury
177 Uttar Pradesh Jaunpur Dhananjay SIngh
178 Uttar Pradesh Bareilly Islam Sabir Ansari
179 Uttar Pradesh Bansgaon Srinath Advocate
180 Uttar Pradesh Maharajganj Ganesh Shankar Pandey
181 Uttar Pradesh Misrikh Ashok Rawat
182 Uttar Pradesh Meerut Maluk Nagar

Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP)

Bharitiya Janta Party - symbolJana Sangha was a political party founded in 1951 which later came to be known as Bhartiya Janata Party. Throughout the Congress regime it remained one of the major opposition parties, guiding the rout to be taken by the opposition.Atal Bihari VajpayeeDuring 1986 elections it made it’s presence felt in a string way and after that the popularity has been rising by the day. In 1996 it emerged as a single largest party in a hung parliament and then in 1999 came into power as a part of NDA Alliance under the leadership of Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The BJP led NDA alliance completed its five year regime in year 2004.

It’s guiding philosophy of integral humanism was first presented by Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965. The party clearly defines its organisation and objectives and commitments.

The aim of the party is to establish a democratic state guaranteeing equality of opportunity and liberty of faith and expression. It commits itself to ‘Sarva Dharma Sambhav’ and value based politics. The Party stands for decentralisation of economic and political power.

The Party pledges to build up India as a strong and prosperous nation with a progressive and enlightened in outlook.

The main agendas for the elections are

  • Making India a Developed Nation and a Great Power by 2020
  • Broadening and deepening of economic reforms, based on a self-reliant approach
  • To fulfill the basic needs in education, healthcare, housing, cultural development.
  • Commitment to women’s all-round empowerment · Intensifying dialogue with Pakistan to find a lasting solution to all bilateral issues

Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress - symbolThe oldest Indian political party, the Indian National Congress was formed in 1885 and was the most powerful force behind the country’s struggle for independence It also held power for most years after independence. The party has also been instrumental in the making or fall of non-Congress governments at the centre when it was out of power.

Sonia GandhiThe Party boasts of the leadership of what can be said the first political family of the country. The dynasty goes back to the time of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. His daughter, Indira Gandhi, active during the years of the freedom struggle was the natural heir to the throne. The suspension of democratic institutions during emergency earned her many critics and also led to the birth of many anti-Congress factions. Indira Gandhi was assassinated in 1984. Rajiv Gandhi, then a political novice, swept the polls through the apparent sympathy wave. His tragic assassination again brought the Congress to power in 1991, with PV Narasimha Rao as the Prime Minister. The Congress popularity nose-dived mainly due to the involvement of its leaders, including Narasimha Rao, in the vote buying case during a confidence vote and other corruption charges.

In 1999 Mrs. Sonia Gandhi entered politics and took the reins of the party. This was the time when the party most needed the support of the Nehru -Gandhi Family. Now she has matured in the game and is again leading the party in General Elections 2004. The party in her leadership plans the comeback to power.

The main agendas for the elections are

  • Generation of more jobs
  • Eradication of poverty
  • Step up public investment in agriculture
  • One-third reservation for women
  • Commission for the problems of North Eastern States